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The Messiah of God
Ordinary 12 Year C

A Hebrew Catholic Perspective
www.hebrewcatholic.org.nz

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St. Luke 9: 18 — 24

Addendum 9: 25 — 27

 

Introduction:

At first reading of this passage, St. Luke may appear to be gathering up a few stray sayings of Our Lord and squeezing them into his Gospel to ensure they are not altogether lost. Our text, however, is a presentation crafted by St. Luke to give us a very clear perception — what we might call these days, an overview of the Kingdom of God in action. In a way it is the moment of truth when Jesus consolidates for His future Apostles (who alone are present) the two-sided view they need to have of the Kingdom: the glorious and the hideous. Unless they had both, they were not hearing His Teaching. This was as hard for them as it is for us today. In some periods of history, members of the Church may get away with basking in the sunshine of a victorious Church and very comfortable Christianity. In the 21st Century the Church is moving into an age of persecution as cruel and frightening as any in its history. We do not know where, when or how the next wave of suffering will break out. Our Lord’s Teaching was recorded faithfully to help the Church to be constantly on the alert down through the ages — to be ready.

Click here for a printable copy of the text.

 

Some Reflections from our text

Verse 18

Once when Jesus was praying in solitude, and the
disciples were with him, he asked them,
“Who do the crowds say that I am?”

The opening scene in our short “event,” is particularly important. “Jesus was praying in solitude.” His future Apostles were somewhere very close — we are not sure of the details. We could say they are “on retreat” They are included in the Lord’s intimate fellowship with God. It is thus, for them, a moment of intense encounter with the Lord. The next mention of Jesus “at prayer” is a week later when, in front of three of those disciples, He is transfigured.

So, from the opening words of Our Lord we are aware of a very strong focus He lays before His disciples; and He chooses to do this in a context of prayer and submission to the will of His Father.

Jesus, known to His disciples as Rabbi Yeshua, turns to them and asks: “Who do the crowds say that I am?” That may sound and easy question, but there was probably a little hesitation among some to tell Him the truth!

Verse 19

They said in reply, “John the Baptist”; others, “Elijah”;
still others, “One of the ancient prophets has arisen”.

They tell Him everything that He is not. Each title is complimentary, but shows the people as uncertain what to make of Him and what He has been saying.

Verse 20

Then he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Peter said in reply, “The Messiah of God”.

Our Lord invites them to give their opinion about who He is. St. Peter is the only one to answer saying: “You are the Messiah of God.” By this he means that Rabbi Yeshua is the Anointed One who will bring to fulfilment all of the Biblical prophecies regarding Israel. In Hebrew, the Anointed One is “Ha Mashiach”. Thus His disciples came to call Him Yeshua Ha Mashiach. We are more familiar with the Greek form, Jesus (the) Christ (Messiah).

“The destiny of Israel is to attain perfect union with Yahweh
through unqualified submission to His Will; only then will it
attain peace and salvation, and the reign of Yahweh thus
established in Israel will be extended to all men.”

[Dictionary of the Bible, J. L. McKenzie, S.J.]

St. Peter recognises the fulfilment of all the prophecies about the Messiah in Hebrew Scriptures, all the hopes of Israel, in their Rabbi Jesus.

The acclamation by St. Peter that our Lord is “the Messiah of God” is one of the high-points of St. Luke’s Gospel. It unmistakably points to Jesus as the One who will lead Israel to total fulfilment of its vocation: to attain perfect union with God. This will be achieved by calling Israel back to the core teaching of the Faith:

“Hear O Israel: the Lord our God is Lord alone.”

Jesus reaffirmed the teaching of old:

“You shall love the Lord with all your heart, and with
  all your soul, and with all your strength,”
and

“You shall love your neighbour as yourself.”
                                                                          (See Mark 12: 29 — 31)

Thus the whole core of His Teaching is to bring all people to comply with God’s Will at all times.

Jesus even declared during His Passion:

“Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me;
still, not my will but yours be done.”          
(Luke 22: 42)

That needs to remain one of our most recited prayers.

Verse 21

He rebuked them and directed them not to tell this to anyone.

The Greek can be translated as, “He charged and commanded them,” meaning He commanded them strictly, in a severe tone. In another style of language we could say, “He forbade them emphatically” to tell this to anyone. For what reason, we might ask?

Our Lord was very aware that there were plenty of people who would literally hijack His mission and use it to their own ends. He thus forbids any gossip which could spark any sort of messianic revolution, and fuel revolt against the Roman occupiers.

It is also believed Jesus Messiah wanted the people to arrive at their conclusion about Him based on the works He does as fulfilment of Sacred Scripture, rather than by the proclamation of a devotee.

Verse 22

He said, “The Son of Man must suffer greatly and be rejected
by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed
and on the third day be raised.”

So far, St. Luke has written four verses identifying and confirming in the minds of the chosen twelve, that Jesus, Rabbi Yeshua, as they knew Him — Jesus is the Messiah.

Now, in a single sentence, Our Lord states briefly but with great clarity just how God’s Messiah is to fulfil all the prophecies. This, we know from other texts, stuns His little group. Their expectations of a triumphant Messiah, almost effortlessly, achieving victory over every evil, are not much different from the imaginations of the general population.

No replies or comments are recorded. It is not all doom and gloom though. The Messiah, despite everything that happens to Him, will — “on the third day be raised”. It goes over their heads at the time, but in due course, all will become clear.

Verses 23 — 24

Then he said to all, “If anyone wishes to come after me, he must
deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.

For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses
his life for my sake will save it”.

In a breath, Jesus Messiah had quietly identified and announced exactly how He, referring to the “Son of Man,” will fulfil all prophecy. Now He turns to a wider circle of people in the vicinity and declares that those who choose to follow His Teaching should:

●     deny themselves;

●     take up their cross daily; and

●     follow Jesus Messiah.

Our Lord is saying that those who listen to His Teaching and respond with all their heart will share with Him His sacrificial fulfilment of the Hebrew Scriptures. That is a sublime privilege He extends to His genuine followers — that they, as His Body, the Church, are participating in the work the Messiah has been anointed to do. Whilst His sacrifice is the perfect and complete atonement, He calls us to share in it and thus be united with Him and allow Him through us to share His gifts with the whole of creation. And we will be called upon to do this until He comes again.

Thus, those who hand over their lives to Him and choose to live only in and by Him, will find fullness of life in every way: indeed, it will be the fullness of Messiah-Life.

Further, the self-sacrifice (death to their own selves) they undertake will be offered in union with the Saviour’s preparation for His Glorious Return. They are thereby preparing the way of the Lord, for the Messiah’s Second Coming to bring all things to completion.

This is the honour He bestows on those who deny themselves and take up their cross daily. It is all for the sake of the coming Kingdom.

Further Reading:

The Gifts and Calling of God are Irrevocable

 

Addendum

Verses 25 — 27

What profit is there for one to gain the whole world yet
lose or forfeit himself?

Whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, the Son of Man
will be ashamed of when he comes in his glory and in the
glory of the Father and of the holy angels.

Truly I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”

Our Lord caps off His short instructions with a typical rabbinic question, “Why would you put everything into building up your worldly assets — which only have value in this life — when you can put your spiritual energy into helping Me prepare for My Return and the perfect establishment of God’s Kingdom for all eternity?” And He emphasises in rabbinic style, as we would say: “Be grateful for and proud of My Teaching; and therefore glow with zeal to share it among those not so privileged. In this way you will, likewise, glow with zeal for My Return in Glory, and in the Father’s Glory and in the Glory of the Holy Angels.”

Although not part of the Sunday text, we have added these few verses to emphasise something exceptionally important. In the brief “cameo” St. Luke has so skilfully sketched for us, Our Lord’s “drift” has been to declare how the Scriptures will be fulfilled, and He, the Messiah, has come to do this in obedience to His Father — and in the process He offers us partnership both in the means as well as in the end result! Everything points to His Glorious Return at the close of time and He is gathering now those who wish to accept His invitation to be with Him in His Kingdom for the rest of eternity.

Even in Our Lord’s time, many of His listeners would have felt there was little likelihood they would experience any kind of manifestation of the Messianic Coming in Glory. It is so human for us to think that it must be a long way off! Our Messiah is very aware of this human tendency and, as usual, takes our needs into account. And so He adds words to the effect: “Do you know there are some (three actually, we later find out) standing here, who — in full possession of all their human faculties, are going to be given a glimpse of the real world — and it will be a glimpse of the Kingdom of God?” He did this to emphasise that we must hear His Teaching in a spiritual mode of listening and with spiritual perception. These are skills discipleship demands — and they are within reach of every follower.

Eight days later, Our Lord took three of His chosen disciples, up a mountain and they witnessed Him in His true glory. It was not just a glimpse of His future glory, but His eternal glory, [Read more — Transfiguration]. What was even more remarkable, was the glimpse of the glory God’s Messiah has in place for us, demonstrated by the appearance of Elijah and Moses!

 

Conclusion

Some scholars of the Church have written that Our Blessed Messiah came to release the Church from the shackles of Judaism. We would express it differently in this way. Our Lord fulfilled wonderfully the prophecies concerning the Messiah, and, through the gift of the Holy Spirit, enables the Church, His Body, to be a light to the nations. It is true that, in fulfilling the Sacred Scriptures, He rendered the accumulated traditions associated with the Law as transformed into new obligations. Rabbi Yeshua thus demanded more of His followers — not less! They must lose their lives completely for His sake (verse 24). Thus it can be said, the Son of God came as God’s Messiah to fulfil the true dignity and destiny of Israel as His light for all the nations.

I, the LORD, have called you for the victory of justice, I have grasped you by the hand; I formed you, and set you as a covenant of the people, a light for the nations,

to open the eyes of the blind, to bring out prisoners from confinement, and from the dungeon, those who live in darkness.
(Isaiah 42: 6 — 7)

It is too little, he says, for you to be my servant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and restore the survivors of Israel; I will make you a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth. (Isaiah 49: 6)

“….. a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and glory for
  your people Israel.”
                                       (Luke 2: 32)

Jesus spoke to them again, saying,

“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will
  not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
(John 8: 12.)

Those who listen to Him with the ears of their heart (as St. Benedict used to say) and feed on His Word (in meditation) will hear His unique message to each individual soul. Only in such close contact with Him can He share with each of us what He wants us to take into the world around us. Each of us has our own commission and He patiently awaits our attention and presence.

We close with a word from the Venerable Bede:

“…..All of us who hope for the fruit of His Resurrection, and long
  to see the King in His Glory, must dwell in Heaven by our thoughts,
  and apply our minds to continual prayer.”
(C.E. 672 — 735)

 

Shalom!

 

 

Further Reading

For those who would like a detailed study resource
on the readings for Sunday, please visit:

Agape Bible Study — Ordinary 12 ― Year C

If you require only the section on the Gospel reading,
just scroll down the page.

To view all the material on the Agape website please visit:

www.agapebiblestudy.com

This website is highly recommended:

 

Proclaim the Gospel to Every Creature

(Mark 16: 15)

The real Jesus is the real answer to the real needs of the world.

Let us remember God’s teaching, contained in His Word and
in doing so, remain close to Him. The following are only examples
illustrating how you can note the gems the Holy Spirit highlights
for your on-going reflection.

The Messiah of God

Ordinary 12 Sunday      Year C           Luke 9: 18 — 24 — 27

1. Our Lord wanted, in His ministry days, to be perceived as Messiah on
— account of how He fulfilled the Scriptures. He didn’t just want to be known
as a wonder-worker. Little has changed. When we know what He is fulfilling,
why and how, then we are equipped to give account to others, as the
opportunity arises, just exactly what He means to us. This is a life-time
study of the whole Biblical story but every effort brings us closer to Him —
and through us — brings Him closer to others. When we remain faithful to
the disciplines of Scripture reflection and meditation, it is impossible, utterly
impossible not to share His presence with others, even when we are
unaware of doing so.

2. It can be daunting to reflect upon “taking up our cross daily”. All the Saints
teach much the same in this regard: success comes from willingly taking up
the little crosses that crop up endlessly, day-after-day. No need to wait for the
big ones — just one small step at a time. That, thankfully, is within the reach
of everyone.

3. The Venerable Bede (as he was known in his lifetime) made a good point.
We need the vision of Heaven through our prayer and meditation to strengthen
our resolve to get there — and to give us the courage and determination to
give others the chance as well. The Saints down throughout history have
consistently encouraged the whole Church to give priority, first to the
contemplative mode and disciplines and then secondly — as a natural
progression — to share God’s companionship and message of love with the
rest of humanity.

Let us pray for one another to remain faithful to our Lord’s call to daily prayer
and meditation; and to be quite clear in our minds that Jesus is the Messiah
of God.

Shalom!

 Click here for a printable copy of the Reflection

 

Luke 9: 18 — 24 — 27

Ordinary 12    Year C

NEW AMERICAN BIBLE

18       8 9 Once when Jesus was praying in solitude, and the disciples were
           with him, he asked them, “Who do the crowds say that I am?”

19       They said in reply, “John the Baptist”; others, “Elijah”; still others,
           “One of the ancient prophets has arisen”.

20       Then he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter said
           in reply, “The Messiah of God.” 10

21       He rebuked them and directed them not to tell this to anyone.

22       He said, “The Son of Man must suffer greatly and be rejected by
           the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed and on
           the third day be raised.”

23       Then he said to all, “If anyone wishes to come after me, he must
           deny himself and take up his cross daily 11 and follow me.

24       For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses
           his life for my sake will save it.

25       What profit is there for one to gain the whole world yet
           lose or forfeit himself?

26       Whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, the Son
           of Man will be ashamed of when he comes in his glory
           and in the glory of the Father and of the holy angels.

27       Truly I say to you, there are some standing here who
           will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”

8 [18-22] This incident is based on Mark 8:27-33, but Luke has eliminated Peter’s refusal to accept Jesus as suffering Son of Man ( Mark 8:32) and the rebuke of Peter by Jesus ( Mark 8:33). Elsewhere in the gospel, Luke softens the harsh portrait of Peter and the other apostles found in his Marcan source (cf Luke 22:39-46, which similarly lacks a rebuke of Peter that occurs in the source, Mark 14:37-38).

9 [18] When Jesus was praying in solitude: see the note on Luke 3:21.

10 [20] The Messiah of God: on the meaning of this title in first-century Palestinian Judaism, see the notes on Luke 2:11 and on Matthew 16:13-20 and Mark 8:27-30.

11 [23] Daily: this is a Lucan addition to a saying of Jesus, removing the saying from a context that envisioned the imminent suffering and death of the disciple of Jesus (as does the saying in Mark 8:34-35) to one that focuses on the demands of daily Christian existence.

Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised
edition (c) 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian
Doctrine, Washington D.C.
and are used by permission of the
copyright owner. All Rights Reserved.
No part of the New American
Bible may be reproduced in any form without
permission in writing from the copyright owner.

 

Appendix:

Take Up Your Cross Daily and Follow Me
(From a devotional commentary)

Verse 23

“And he said this to them all.” Why is it said, “to them all”?

This is a very remarkable case of two wholly independent narratives, explaining
one another. St. Matthew had said, “Jesus said unto his disciples,” and when this
conversation was begun the disciples alone could have been present. How is it,
then, that St. Luke says, “He said to them all”? The key is given in St. Mark, who
tells us that “He called the people unto him with his disciples,” and then He
proceeded to say words which belong not to Apostles only, but to all who name
the Lord’s Name. “If any man will (or desire to) come after me, let Him deny
himself,” etc.

There can be no doubt (as I have endeavoured to impress upon the reader), that
Christianity has two sides, the attractive, the winning, the merciful, and the severe
side. The attractive may be ex¬pressed in the words, “Come unto me, all ye that
labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” The severe is to be found in,
“If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily,
and follow me.” No servant of Christ who looks upon himself as called to teach
others can be faithful, unless he does his best to set forth, as occasion requires,
these two aspects of the Lord’s teaching. No teacher has ever joined these two
more effectually than St. Paul, “They that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with
its affections and lusts.” “Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth.”
“Fornication,” etc. “We beseech you ….. that ye present your bodies a living
sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God.” “I keep under my body, and bring it into
subjection, lest that by any means,” etc. One of his faithful sayings is, “If we suffer
with him, we shall also reign with him.” These are as much his words, and seem
to be said with as much earnestness as “By grace are ye saved through faith.”

“Deny himself” — that is, at times to abstain from what is pleasurable, though it
be perfectly lawful. Without this there is no exercise in godliness, no true discipline.

“Take up his cross daily.” The taking-up of the cross is a remarkable figure. For
a man to bear on his shoulder two heavy pieces of wood, knowing that at the end
of the journey they will be the instrument of a cruel death to him, betokens, if it be
done willingly the most determined purpose conceivable to endure all for the cause
on which he has set his heart. Now, if the man’s heart be set to follow in the blessed
steps of his Saviour’s holy life, then, to take tip the cross daily, implies bearing,
enduring, praying, watching, of no ordinary kind; for to take up a cross willingly must
have been, even in the times when crucifixion was a punishment, no ordinary thing.
It implies willingness to endure no ordinary death; and the figure, as used by the
Saviour, must of necessity betoken the determination to go very contrary to flesh
and blood, rather than not follow His example, or not do His Will.

“Follow me.” Follow Me in the path of purity, holiness, goodness, love,
submission to God.

Verse 24

“For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will lose,” etc.
It is to be noticed that the “life” here is one thing: it means the self ― that for which
a man lives, whether in this world, or in the next

“Whosoever will save” i.e., either to avoid death, which must overtake him if he
adheres to the profession of My faith; or to avoid what comes short of death,
i.e., personal discomfort, loss of the world’s favour, or whatsoever it be which makes
a man feel that this world is not his home, and that he must look for his true home
in another world. If a man sets himself to work to avoid these things, and to make
the best of this world, then he loses his true life, which is a life “hid with Christ in God”.

“But whosoever will lose (not desires to lose, but shall lose) his life,” i.e., his
temporal life, or all things that in the estimation of the world makes his present life
worth living; whosoever shall despise these, if put against the possession of My
Favour, then such as one “shall save his life;” he shall preserve within himself the
true life of God, and he shall gain the Resurrection life.
                                                                           (From: Commentary on St. Luke, by M. F. Sadler.)

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