John 6: 1 ― 15
Ordinary 17 Year B
1 1 2 After this, Jesus went across the Sea of Galilee
2 A large crowd followed him, because they saw the signs
3 Jesus went up on the mountain, and there he sat down
4 The Jewish feast of Passover was near.
5 3 When Jesus raised his eyes and saw that a large crowd
6 4 He said this to test him, because he himself knew what
7 Philip answered him, “Two hundred days’ wages 5 worth
8 One of his disciples, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter,
9 “There is a boy here who has five barley loaves 6 and two
10 Jesus said, “Have the people recline.” Now there was a
11 Then Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed
12 When they had had their fill, he said to his disciples,
13 So they collected them, and filled twelve wicker baskets 8
14 When the people saw the sign he had done, they said,
15 Since Jesus knew that they were going to come and carry
1  [Of Tiberias]: the awkward apposition represents a later name of the Sea of Galilee. It was probably originally a marginal gloss.
2 [1-15] This story of the multiplication of the loaves is the fourth sign (cf the note on ⇒ John 5:1-47). It is the only miracle story found in all four gospels (occurring twice in Mark and Matthew). See the notes on ⇒ Matthew 14:13-21; ⇒ 15:32-39. John differs on the roles of Philip and Andrew, the proximity of Passover (⇒ John 6:4), and the allusion to Elisha (see ⇒ John 6:9). The story here symbolizes the food that is really available through Jesus. It connotes a new exodus and has eucharistic overtones.
3  Jesus takes the initiative (in the synoptics, the disciples do), possibly pictured as (cf ⇒ John 6:14) the new Moses (cf ⇒ Numbers 11:13).
4  Probably the evangelist’s comment; in this gospel Jesus is never portrayed as ignorant of anything.
5  Days’ wages: literally, “denarii”; a Roman denarius is a day’s wage in ⇒ Matthew 20:2.
6  Barley loaves: the food of the poor. There seems an allusion to the story of Elisha multiplying the barley bread in ⇒ 2 Kings 4:42-44.
7  Grass: implies springtime, and therefore Passover. Five thousand: so ⇒ Mark 6:39, ⇒ 44 and parallels.
8  Baskets: the word describes the typically Palestinian wicker basket, as in ⇒ Mark 6:43 and parallels.
9  The Prophet: probably the prophet like Moses (see the note on ⇒ John 1:21). The one who is to come into the world: probably Elijah; cf ⇒ Malachi 3:1, ⇒ 23.
Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised