Luke 1: 26 — 38
Advent 4 Year B
26 10 In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from
27 to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph, of the
28 And coming to her, he said, “Hail, favored one! The
29 But she was greatly troubled at what was said and
30 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for
31 Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son,
32 He will be great and will be called Son of the Most
33 and he will rule over the house of Jacob forever, and of
34 But Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I
35 And the angel said to her in reply, “The holy Spirit will
36 And behold, Elizabeth, your relative, has also conceived
37 for nothing will be impossible for God.”
38 Mary said, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.
10 [26-38] The announcement to Mary of the birth of Jesus is parallel to the announcement to Zechariah of the birth of John. In both the angel Gabriel appears to the parent who is troubled by the vision (⇒ Luke 1:11-12, ⇒ 26-29) and then told by the angel not to fear (⇒ Luke 1:13, ⇒ 30). After the announcement is made (⇒ Luke 1:14-17, ⇒ 31-33) the parent objects (⇒ Luke 1:18, ⇒ 34) and a sign is given to confirm the announcement (⇒ Luke 1:20, ⇒ 36). The particular focus of the announcement of the birth of Jesus is on his identity as Son of David (⇒ Luke 1:32-33) and Son of God (⇒ Luke 1:32, ⇒ 35).
11  Son of the Most High: cf ⇒ Luke 1:76 where John is described as “prophet of the Most High.” “Most High” is a title for God commonly used by Luke (⇒ Luke 1:35, ⇒ 76; ⇒ 6:35; ⇒ 8:28; ⇒ Acts 7:48; ⇒ 16:17).
12  Mary’s questioning response is a denial of sexual relations and is used by Luke to lead to the angel’s declaration about the Spirit’s role in the conception of this child (⇒ Luke 1:35). According to Luke, the virginal conception of Jesus takes place through the holy Spirit, the power of God, and therefore Jesus has a unique relationship to Yahweh: he is Son of God.
13 [36-37] The sign given to Mary in confirmation of the angel’s announcement to her is the pregnancy of her aged relative Elizabeth. If a woman past the childbearing age could become pregnant, why, the angel implies, should there be doubt about Mary’s pregnancy, for nothing will be impossible for God.
Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised