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Luke 1: 26 — 38

Advent 4     Year B

NEW AMERICAN BIBLE

26   10 In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from 
        God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth,

27    to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph, of the 
        house of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary.

28    And coming to her, he said, “Hail, favored one! The 
        Lord is with you.”

29    But she was greatly troubled at what was said and   
        pondered what sort of greeting this might be.

30    Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for
        you have found favor with God.

31    Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son,
        and you shall name him Jesus.

32    He will be great and will be called Son of the Most
        High, 11 and the Lord God will give him the throne of
        David his father,

33    and he will rule over the house of Jacob forever, and of
        his kingdom there will be no end.”

34    But Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I
        have no relations with a man?” 12

35    And the angel said to her in reply, “The holy Spirit will
        come upon you, and the power of the Most High will   
        overshadow you. Therefore the child to be born will
        be called holy, the Son of God.

36    And behold, Elizabeth, your relative, has also conceived
        13 a son in her old age, and this is the sixth month for
        her who was called barren;

37    for nothing will be impossible for God.”

38    Mary said, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.
        May it be done to me according to your word.” Then
        the angel departed from her.
 

 

10 [26-38] The announcement to Mary of the birth of Jesus is parallel to the announcement to Zechariah of the birth of John. In both the angel Gabriel appears to the parent who is troubled by the vision (⇒ Luke 1:11-12, ⇒ 26-29) and then told by the angel not to fear (⇒ Luke 1:13, ⇒ 30). After the announcement is made (⇒ Luke 1:14-17, ⇒ 31-33) the parent objects (⇒ Luke 1:18, ⇒ 34) and a sign is given to confirm the announcement (⇒ Luke 1:20, ⇒ 36). The particular focus of the announcement of the birth of Jesus is on his identity as Son of David (⇒ Luke 1:32-33) and Son of God (⇒ Luke 1:32, ⇒ 35).

11 [32] Son of the Most High: cf ⇒ Luke 1:76 where John is described as “prophet of the Most High.” “Most High” is a title for God commonly used by Luke (⇒ Luke 1:35, ⇒ 76; ⇒ 6:35; ⇒ 8:28; ⇒ Acts 7:48; ⇒ 16:17).

12 [34] Mary’s questioning response is a denial of sexual relations and is used by Luke to lead to the angel’s declaration about the Spirit’s role in the conception of this child (⇒ Luke 1:35). According to Luke, the virginal conception of Jesus takes place through the holy Spirit, the power of God, and therefore Jesus has a unique relationship to Yahweh: he is Son of God.

 13 [36-37] The sign given to Mary in confirmation of the angel’s announcement to her is the pregnancy of her aged relative Elizabeth. If a woman past the childbearing age could become pregnant, why, the angel implies, should there be doubt about Mary’s pregnancy, for nothing will be impossible for God.

Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised
edition (c) 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine,
Washington D.C. and are used by permission of the copyright owner.
All Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced
in any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

 

 

 

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