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AHC B Advent 3 Appendix The Jews - Hebrew Catholics

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Appendix — “The Jews”

 

     This phrase occurs frequently in the Gospels and particularly in the account of St. John the Evangelist. We need to remember that he was a loyal, practising Jew who followed the Messiah — Jeshua, as he called Him. Contrary to the common opinion, St. John did not use the term in a derogatory way, but in particular contexts which were understood by the people of the time (second half of the first century C. E.); even though by this time Christians often wrote in ways which demonstrated growing antagonism between Judaism and Christianity.

 

     As a general guideline only, we could arrange the Christian references to “the Jews” in St. John’s Gospel in four groups.

1.  People living in or near Jerusalem whom today we refer to as “Judeans”:

11: 8, 19, 31, 33, 36, 45, 54.      12: 9, 11.      19: 20.

2.  Casual references to the Jewish people:

2: 6, 13.      3: 1, 25.      4: 9, 22.      5: 1.      6: 4. 7: 2.
8: 31.      11: 55.      18: 12, 35.      19: 21, 40, 42.

3.  References to the Jewish authorities based in Jerusalem,
     (at the Temple in particular):

1: 19.      2: 18, 20.      5: 10, 15, 16, 18.      7: 1, 11, 13, 15, 35.      8: 22.
9: 18, 22.      13: 33.      18: 14, 31, 36.      19: 31, 38.      20: 19.

4.  Those Jews openly hostile to Jesus. Usually they were senior authorities
     whose use (even misuse) of power was seen as threatened by Jesus.
     They were a small but influential minority.

6: 41, 52.      8: 48, 52, 57.      10: 19, 24, 31, 33.
18: 20, 38.      19: 7, 12, 14.

 

The purpose of this appendix is to discourage thoughtless and disparaging applications of the above term for a people whom the Church bids us to look upon as our “Elder Brothers”.

(Based on “The Jews” In The Gospel of John by Robert G. Bratcher among other references.)

Shalom!

 

 

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