Matthew 22: 1 — 14
Ordinary 28 Year A
1 1 Jesus again in reply spoke to them in parables, saying,
2 “The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king who gave a
3 3 He dispatched his servants to summon the invited guests to
4 A second time he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those invited:
5 Some ignored the invitation and went away, one to his farm,
6 The rest laid hold of his servants, mistreated them, and killed
7 4 The king was enraged and sent his troops, destroyed those
8 Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is ready, but those who
9 Go out, therefore, into the main roads and invite to the feast
10 The servants went out into the streets and gathered all they
11 6 But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man
12 He said to him, ‘My friend, how is it that you came in here
13 7 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Bind his hands and feet,
14 Many are invited, but few are chosen.”
1 [1-14] This parable is from Q; see ⇒ Luke 14:15-24. It has been given many allegorical traits by Matthew, e.g., the burning of the city of the guests who refused the invitation (⇒ Matthew 22:7), which corresponds to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70. It has similarities with the preceding parable of the tenants: the sending of two groups of servants (⇒ Matthew 22:3, 4), the murder of the servants (⇒ Matthew 22:6) the punishment of the murderers (⇒ Matthew 22:7), and the entrance of a new group into a privileged situation of which the others had proved themselves unworthy (⇒ Matthew 22:8-10). The parable ends with a section that is peculiar to Matthew (⇒ Matthew 22:11-14), which some take as a distinct parable. Matthew presents the kingdom in its double aspect, already present and something that can be entered here and now (⇒ Matthew 22:1-10), and something that will be possessed only by those present members who can stand the scrutiny of the final judgment (⇒ Matthew 22:11-14). The parable is not only a statement of God’s judgment on Israel but a warning to Matthew’s church.
2  Wedding feast: the Old Testament’s portrayal of final salvation under the image of a banquet (⇒ Isaiah 25:6) is taken up also in ⇒ Matthew 8:11; cf ⇒ Luke 13:15.
3 [3-4] Servants . . . other servants: probably Christian missionaries in both instances; cf ⇒ Matthew 23:34.
4  See the note on ⇒ Matthew 22:1-14.
5  Bad and good alike: cf ⇒ Matthew 13:47.
6  A wedding garment: the repentance, change of heart and mind, that is the condition for entrance into the kingdom (⇒ Matthew 3:2; ⇒ 4:17) must be continued in a life of good deeds (⇒ Matthew 7:21-23).
7  Wailing and grinding of teeth: the Christian who lacks the wedding garment of good deeds will suffer the same fate as those Jews who have rejected Jesus; see the note on ⇒ Matthew 8:11-12.
Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible,