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AHC A NAB Ordinary 28 - Hebrew Catholics

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Matthew 22: 1 — 14

Ordinary 28     Year A

NEW AMERICAN BIBLE

1     1 Jesus again in reply spoke to them in parables, saying,

2     “The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king who gave a
       wedding feast 2 for his son.

3     3 He dispatched his servants to summon the invited guests to
       the feast, but they refused to come.

4     A second time he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those invited:
       “Behold, I have prepared my banquet, my calves and fattened
       cattle are killed, and everything is ready; come to the feast.”‘

5     Some ignored the invitation and went away, one to his farm,
       another to his business.

6     The rest laid hold of his servants, mistreated them, and killed
       them.

7     4 The king was enraged and sent his troops, destroyed those
       murderers, and burned their city.

8     Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is ready, but those who
       were invited were not worthy to come.

9     Go out, therefore, into the main roads and invite to the feast
       whomever you find.’

10   The servants went out into the streets and gathered all they
       found, bad and good alike, 5 and the hall was filled with guests.

11   6 But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man
       there not dressed in a wedding garment.

12   He said to him, ‘My friend, how is it that you came in here
       without a wedding garment?’ But he was reduced to silence.

13   7 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Bind his hands and feet,
       and cast him into the darkness outside, where there will be
       wailing and grinding of teeth.’

14   Many are invited, but few are chosen.”

 

1 [1-14] This parable is from Q; see ⇒ Luke 14:15-24. It has been given many allegorical traits by Matthew, e.g., the burning of the city of the guests who refused the invitation (⇒ Matthew 22:7), which corresponds to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70. It has similarities with the preceding parable of the tenants: the sending of two groups of servants (⇒ Matthew 22:3, 4), the murder of the servants (⇒ Matthew 22:6) the punishment of the murderers (⇒ Matthew 22:7), and the entrance of a new group into a privileged situation of which the others had proved themselves unworthy (⇒ Matthew 22:8-10). The parable ends with a section that is peculiar to Matthew (⇒ Matthew 22:11-14), which some take as a distinct parable. Matthew presents the kingdom in its double aspect, already present and something that can be entered here and now (⇒ Matthew 22:1-10), and something that will be possessed only by those present members who can stand the scrutiny of the final judgment (⇒ Matthew 22:11-14). The parable is not only a statement of God’s judgment on Israel but a warning to Matthew’s church.

2 [2] Wedding feast: the Old Testament’s portrayal of final salvation under the image of a banquet (⇒ Isaiah 25:6) is taken up also in ⇒ Matthew 8:11; cf ⇒ Luke 13:15.

3 [3-4] Servants . . . other servants: probably Christian missionaries in both instances; cf ⇒ Matthew 23:34.

4 [7] See the note on ⇒ Matthew 22:1-14.

5 [10] Bad and good alike: cf ⇒ Matthew 13:47.

6 [11] A wedding garment: the repentance, change of heart and mind, that is the condition for entrance into the kingdom (⇒ Matthew 3:2; ⇒ 4:17) must be continued in a life of good deeds (⇒ Matthew 7:21-23).

7 [13] Wailing and grinding of teeth: the Christian who lacks the wedding garment of good deeds will suffer the same fate as those Jews who have rejected Jesus; see the note on ⇒ Matthew 8:11-12.

Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible,
revised edition (c) 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian
Doctrine, Washington D.C. and are used by permission of the copyright
owner. All Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may
be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the
copyright owner.

 

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